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Memory space where data are temporarily stored while waiting to be processed by the CPU or a program.

The term also refers to the storage space on a computer or a web server that stores, for a limited time, the elements of recently visited Web pages in order to reduce server load and speed up the display.



Chamber of Commerce and Industry

In France, Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CCI) represent the interests of industry, trade and services with respect to the public authorities within their locality. They are also mandated to provide services facilitating the creation, implementation, transmission and development of business, and employee training services.



country code Names Supporting Organization

Consultative Assembly of the ICANN composed of the registries for the first level geographical domain (ccTLDs).

The purpose of the ccNSO is to develop and propose to the Board of ICANN a common management policy tailored to the needs of the ccTLDs.



country code Top Level Domain

Around 250 ccTLD have been determined using the ISO 3166 two-letter country codes.

Examples: .fr for France, .jp for Japan, .de for Germany, etc.

See also: Top level Domain (TLD) and generic Top Level Domain or gTLD.



Council of European National Top-level Domain Registries

Founded in 1998, the CENTR brings together a number of NICs (mainly from Europe) who want to discuss the issues involved in their profession as "ccTLD registries". The organisation acts as their representative and attempts to define a common position.



Electronic document which certifies that its owner has recently been subject to a procedure to verify its identity. A certificate is valid for a limited period and is regularly renewed.



Process by which a body referred to as a certification authority certifies that it has verified the identity of the server or the sender of an e-mail, and that the transmitted data have not been altered during the transfer.



Gateway Common Interface

Refers to the programs running on an HTTP server after a form has been sent by a user.



In the "client / server" IT model, the server is a machine which is connected to the network that provides services or information to one or more clients. A single server can use different software, providing many different services to network clients. The consumer client may be a user, a computer or other software.  




Processing of digital data designed to reduce clutter on your hard drive by removing redundant information and by influencing the quality (image size, colour richness, number of frames per second, range of sound frequencies, etc.). The reverse technique is called decompression and consists in reconstructing the information previously removed using the same complex mathematical formulae.



Part of a computer network used to connect a computer to the Internet.



Action which consists in the abusive registration of a domain name, when the registered name is that of a well-known brand name, or a recognised company, etc., over which the applicant has no right. The purposes of these fraudulent registrations are of several kinds:

— to sell or negotiate the sale of the domain name to the brand or legitimate company

— to prevent the brand or the legitimate company from accessing the domain name;

— to harm the image of the brand or the legitimate company, for example by using the domain name for a pornographic website;

— to benefit from the notoriety of the domain name to attract traffic to the website by using it.