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Naming Policy

Document containing all the rules that govern an extension (ccTLD or gTLD). In theory, it covers all the administrative, legal, and even technical issues involved in domain names that can be registered under the extension.

To read the Afnic naming policy click here


Naming Policy or Naming Charter

Policy for allocating domain names. This policy varies depending on the bodies authorised to manage Top Level Domains (".fr": Afnic, ".uk": Nominet, ".com": Verisign, etc.). Afnic publishes its policy through a document called naming policy.



A computer network is when more than two machines are connected together.



Network Information Center

As the name implies, a generic term for an information centre on the Internet. For example, AFNIC is referred to as the "FR NIC" or "NIC France"

An NIC has a variety of assignments:

1. The technical and administrative management of the TLDs for which it is responsible. NICs are fully independent in all the decisions regarding the management of their own extension(s). They independently define the conditions for allocating domain names under their extension(s) (naming policy). They are also responsible for the quality of their technical services, and manage the database of domain names under their extension(s) (Whois database).

2. Depending on the country, a NIC may only be a registry (a resource manager) or both a registry and registrar, i.e. a resource manager and the seller of this resource in a competitive industry.

3. Finally, a NIC is a centre of information open to all, which provides information and resources useful to the entire Internet community, including beginners as well as experienced users.



Set of rules specifying the conditions for carrying out an operation, producing or manufacturing an object, whose unity and interchangeability must be ensured. A norm has force of law (unlike a standard) and is issued by a national or international body.


NSD (Name Server Daemon)

Authoritative DNS server implementation. NSD is designed for high performance environments, fully supports DNSSEC, and runs on modern Unix flavors. NSD is maintained by NLnet Labs. The source is freely available under the BSD license.



New Technologies of Information and Communication.